Género, sexo y el crimen de brujería en los demonólogos ingleses y francófonos (c. 1580-1648)

Agustin Mendez

Resumen

La caza de brujas y sus bases teóricas, especialmente los tratados demonológicos, frecuentemente han sido consideradas las expresiones más claras de misoginia durante la temprana modernidad europea. La desproporcionada cantidad de mujeres sobre el total de enjuiciados y condenados en la mayor parte del continente llamó la atención de la academia a lo largo del último siglo. Entre otras interpretaciones, destacan aquellas que señalan a aquel proceso como un holocausto femenino (ginocidio) dirigido por las autoridades religiosas y laicas, así como las que advierten que los intelectuales del periodo eran incapaces de imaginar la posibilidad de brujos varones. El presente artículo propone comparar los textos de los demonólogos ingleses y los francoparlantes con la intención de demostrar que, tanto para los protestantes como para los católicos, la brujería era un crimen cuya definición teórica dependía de complejas construcciones conceptuales y representaciones del género masculino y femenino.


Palabras clave

Brujería; Demonología; Género; Mujeres; Inglaterra; Francia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/RHM2018.36.15





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